词汇也有双胞胎,怎么比较更准确?

摘要: 比较跟比较,你是不是傻傻分不清楚。

08-28 23:26 首页 酷艾英语

你会做比较吗?

 

谁不会啊,找到相同点和不同点就好了嘛?

 

这么厉害,那就请把你迄今为止喝过的饮料分别categoriseclassifycomparecontrastdifferentiatediscriminate以及ditinguish一下。

 

???

 

比较跟比较,傻傻分不清楚。今天我们就来辨析这几个关于比较的词,看看它们到底怎么个各有千秋法。

 

Categorize vs Classify 分门别类



这两个词其实很像。同是分类的意思,Categorize 看重的是不同类别事物之间的不同(分类),而 Classify看重的是同一类别事物之间的共同点(归类)。

 

Categorize: To divide things or people into sets or say to which set they belong based on common criteria.


e.g.  To categorize people according to age.

把人们按年龄分组。(不是一家人,不进一家门)


Classify: To group things with similarities in the same classes or categories; to defend the inclusion of similar things into these categories.


e.g. These movies have been classified as PG-13. 

这些电影被归类到PG-13(适合13岁以上儿童于家长指导下观看)的级别中。(五湖四海的朋友来相会)


Compare vs Contrast 比较



同是比较的意思,compare要比较的是相同(相似)点以及不同点,而contrast看重的是不同点。

 

Compare: To examine two or more things or people and note the ways in which they are similar AND different.


e.g. 酸梅汤和苦丁茶,都是中国传统的饮品。酸梅汤和苦丁茶都适宜在夏天饮用。酸梅汤酸甜可口,苦丁茶味苦清热。(有异有同)


Contrast: To examine two or more things and focus on the differences.


e.g. 酸梅汤很适合小孩子喝,但是苦丁茶太苦了,孩子宁可哭死也不肯喝的。制作酸梅汤的原料很多,而苦丁茶则没有那么复杂。(反正这两种饮料很不一样就是了!)

 

Differentiate vs Discriminate vs Distinguish 区分



同是区分的意思,DifferentiateDiscriminate在表达区分的时候意思非常相近,不过Discriminate也有负面的意思;Distinguish就是让人注意到两个事物不同,但是不深究具体差异在哪里。

 

Differentiate: To recognize or show the differences between one thing or person and another.


e.g. Children can differentiate the past from the present.

儿童可以区分过去跟现在。

 

Discriminate: To recognize that two things or people are different.


e.g. Babies can discriminate between different facial expressions of emotions.

婴儿可以区分面部表情。


The employment policy of this company discriminates against women. 

该公司的雇佣制度对女性存有歧视。


Distinguish: To draw attention to, and make note of, the distinct differences between things or people.


e.g. He could distinguish voices. 

他能分辨不同的声音。(很厉害哦,别人分辨不出来,他却有如此的能力!)


作者 | 酷艾英语全年团 优秀团员 吴杨爱娃

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Do you think vocabulary analysis can improve our English?

中英文皆可,字数不限!


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